1. Africa is the cradle of civilization. It is the first continent where human culture and community emerged.
2. Africa is the only continent on which there are places where a person has never set foot in his life.
3. The area of Africa is 29 million square kilometers. But four-fifths of the territory is occupied by deserts and tropical forests.
4. At the beginning of the 20th century, almost the entire territory of Africa was colonized by France, Germany, England, Spain, Portugal and Belgium. Only Ethiopia, Egypt, South Africa and Liberia were independent.
5. The mass decolonization of Africa only happened after World War II.
6. Africa is home to the most rare animals that are not found anywhere else: for example, hippos, giraffes, okapi and others.
7. Previously, hippos lived throughout Africa, today they are found only south of the Sahara desert.
8. Africa is home to the largest desert in the world, the Sahara. Its area is larger than the area of the USA.
9. The second longest river in the world, the Nile, flows on the continent. Its length is 6850 kilometers.
10. Lake Victoria is the second largest freshwater lake in the world.