Top 5 programming languages 2023

Once upon a time, the world of computer programming was a mysterious and exclusive place. Only a select handful of people were considered computer programmers with cutting-edge coding skills. Today, many IT jobs require a solid grasp of the top programming languages, and yes, we mean more than one. 

If your plans to advance your career or change careers completely requires you to master a programming language, you might wonder which one to learn. After all, it will take time and money to learn the language, so you want to make the right choice.

When making your decision, you should bear several considerations in mind, like the difficulty level you’re willing to tackle, the programming language knowledge you already possess that meshes with your existing coding skills, or your reasons for learning a top programming language. 

Whether you want to develop a mobile application, get certification for programming knowledge, or learn new skills, you need to learn the right programming language. Below you’ll learn about the best programming languages in demand among employers in 2023. You’ll be briefed about the details of each language, its complexity, and how it is used.

5. Kotlin

Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language originally developed and unveiled as Project Kotlin by JetBrains in 2011. The first version was officially released in 2016. It is interoperable with Java and supports functional programming languages.

Kotlin is used extensively for Android apps, web application, desktop application, and server-side application development. Kotlin was built to be better than Java, and people who use this language are convinced. Most of the Google applications are based on Kotlin. Some companies using Kotlin as their programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates among many others.

Kotlin developers earn an average of $136,000 a year, with the potential to earn up to $171,500.

Level:Intermediate to advanced
Skills Needed:Prior experience with programming languages, particularly Java
Platform:Web, Mobile, Desktop, Server
Popularity Among Programmers:Increasingly popular; used for Android applications
Benefits:Less code-heavy than Java and other languages;Relatively easy to adoptFully compatible with Java 
Downsides:Fluctuating compilation speed; no static keyword in Kotlin
Degree of Use:Widely used; highly applicable
Annual Salary Projection:$136,000

4. Java

Java is one of the most popular programming languages used today. 

Owned by Oracle Corporation, this general-purpose programming language with its object-oriented structure has become a standard for applications that can be used regardless of platform (e.g., Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc.) because of its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) capabilities. As a result, Java is recognized for its portability across platforms, from mainframe data centers to smartphones. Today there are more than 3 billion devices running applications built with Java.

Java is widely used in web and application development as well as big data. Java is also used on the backend of several popular websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube. It is also extensively used in hundreds of applications. New Java frameworks like Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are also very popular. With millions of Java developers worldwide, there are hundreds of ways to learn Java. Also, Java programmers have an extensive online community and support each other to solve problems.

Java is a more complex language to learn, but experienced developers with Java coding skills are in high demand. The average Java developer earns around $109,225 each year.

Skills Needed:Problem-solving, knowledge of the object-oriented structure
Platform:Web, Mobile, Desktop
Popularity Among Programmers:One of the world’s most popular; high demand
Benefits:Regarded as a good start for learning to think like a programmer and gain coding skillsYou’ll be able to access/manipulate the most important computer functions, like the file system, graphics, and sound for any fairly sophisticated and modern program that can run on any operating system.
Downsides:Lots of new vocabulary to learn; a higher-level language
Degree of Use:Widely used; highly applicable
Annual Salary Projection:$109,225

3. Go

Go was developed by Google in 2007 for APIs and web applications. Go has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages due to its simplicity, as well as its ability to handle multicore and networked systems and massive codebases.

Go, also known as Golang, was created to meet the needs of programmers working on large projects. It has gained popularity among many large IT companies thanks to its simple and modern structure and syntax familiarity. Companies using Go as their programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, among many others. Go is also gaining in popularity among data scientists because of its agility and performance.

Go developers can earn an average annual salary of $141,654, and hitting up to $261,000. 

Level:Beginner to intermediate
Skills Needed:Easy to learn if you already know at least one other programming language; otherwise, you just need patience and a willingness to learn.
Platform:Cross-platform, mainly desktop
Popularity Among Programmers:Not as popular as Java or Python, but it has been increasing in popularity
Benefits:Widely considered a “minimalist” language Easy to learnTransparent codeCompatibleFast
Downsides:No generics (which means you may end up writing more code than you would in other languages); very little library support; Go developer community is not very robust or supportive
Degree of Use:Widely used, particular for Google applications (created at Google)
Annual Salary Projection:$141,654

2. Python

Python is one of the most popular programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn because of its readability. It is a free, open-source programming language with extensive support modules and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications. It is a popular programming language for machine learning and deep learning applications. 

Python is used to develop 2D imaging and 3D animation packages like Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk. It has also been used to create popular video games, including Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown. Python is used for scientific and computational applications like FreeCAD and Abacus and by popular websites like YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, and Instagram. Python developers earn average annual salaries of about $109,092.

Level:Beginner – Python enables a beginner to become productive quickly
Skills Needed:Problem-solving, abstract thinking
Platform:Web, Desktop
Popularity Among Programmers:Becoming continuously more popular
Benefits:FlexibleNaturally/Intuitively readableHighly regarded official tutorials and documentationScripted as opposed to compiled
Downsides:Doesn’t start with programming basics (known to abstract too many important basic concepts)
Popularity:Becoming continuously more popular both in technical education and business uses
Degree of Use:Coding skills widely used; popular in both technical education and business use
Annual Salary Projection:$109,092

1. Javascript

JavaScript is a high-level programming language that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web. It is used as a client-side programming language by 97.8 percent of all websites. JavaScript was originally used only to develop web browsers, but they are now used for server-side website deployments and non-web browser applications as well. 

Javascript was created in 1995 and was initially known as LiveScript. However, Java was a very popular language at that time, so it was advertised as a “younger brother” of Java. As it evolved over time, JavaScript became a fully independent language. Nowadays, JavaScript is often confused with Java, and although there are some similarities between them, the two languages are distinct.

Javascript is the most popular programming language in the world and is in high demand among various organizations. The average Java developer earns around $112,152 each year.

Level:Beginner to Intermediate
Skills Needed:HTML and CSS to define the content and layout of web pages
Platform:Cross-platform (desktop, mobile, web)
Popularity Among Programmers:The most popular programming language in the world
Benefits:Easy to learn and implementUsed everywhere on the webCan run immediately within the client-side browserReduces the demand on the website server
Downsides:Can sometimes be interpreted differently by different browsers which makes it difficult to write cross-browser code.
Degree of Use:Widely used; highly applicable
Annual Salary Projection:$112,152